Bacterial Disease Treatment

Just like human bacterial disease, fish bacterial disease should be treated with antibiotics. Any anti-bacterial medication should work, but for internal bacterial infections, food treated with anti-biotics are most efficient. Medication should contain chloromycetin (chloramphenicol), tetracyline, sodium sulfathiozole, sodium sulfamethazine, sodium sulfacetamide, or erythromycin.

List of medicines


Symptoms: Swollen body, scales sticking out (pinecone look)
Description: What causes dropsy is bacterial attack on the betta's kidneys. This leads to the build up of fluids in the betta's body, which then cuases the body to swell and the scales to protrude. Betta's along with guppies seem to be more affacted by this disease. The main indenifying symptom of dropsy is a pinecone look on the fish's body. However, if not treated before this stage, it is nearly impossible to treat because by this time the kidneys have failed.

Mouth Fungus

Symptoms: White cottony patches around the mouth
Description: Although it is called mouth fungus, (because of its similarity with fungal diseases) it is actaully caused by a bacteria called Chonodrococcus columnaris. In its early stages, it starts off as gray/white lines near the mouth and develops into the cottony look. This bacteria must be treated early on for a better chance of recovery.

Red Pest (Septicemia)

Symptoms: Bloody streaks on the body and fins
Description: Red pest is characterized by red streaks on a fish's body and fins and usually only occurs on fish that are already sick or weak. However, it can still affect healthy fish. Because this disease is an internal infection, the most effective way of treating it is through medicated fish food

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